British Campaign in Mesopotamia, 1914-1918

British Campaign in Mesopotamia, 1914-1918

In 1914 the British/Indian Army expedition to Mesopotamia set out with the modest ambition of protecting the oil concession in Southern Persia but,after numerous misfortunes, ended up capturing Baghdad and Northern Towns in Iraq. Initially the mission was successful in seizing Basra but theforces found themselves drawn North, becoming besieged by Turkish forces at Kut. After various failed relief attempts the British surrendered and theprisoners suffered appalling indignities and hardship, culminating in a death march to Turkey. In 1917, a new Commander-in-Chief was appointed butmilitary policy kept changing. Fighting against Turkish forces continued right up to the Armistice. This collection provides the opportunity to review thetelegrams, correspondence, minutes, memoranda and confidential prints gathered together in the India Office Military Department on Mesopotamia.

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