World War II, Occupation, and the Civil War in Greece, 1940-1949: Records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files

World War II, Occupation, and the Civil War in Greece, 1940-1949: Records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files

The Axis occupation of Greece during World War II which lasted from April 1941 to October 1944 brought about terrible hardships for the Greekcivilian population. Over 300,000 civilians died in Athens alone from starvation, tens of thousands more through reprisals; minorities, particularly Jews,were deported to concentration camps; and, in the Bulgarian and German occupied areas, ethnic cleansing attempted to eradicate generations of Greekresidents. The country’s economy was ruined and the food situation desperate. When liberation came in October 1944, Greece was in a state of crisis,which soon led to the outbreak of civil war. The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the pro-Western Greek governmental armyand the Communist Democratic Army of Greece. It was the result of a highly polarized struggle between leftists and rightists which started in 1943 andtargeted the power vacuum that the German-Italian occupation during World War II had created.

Original Microform Title: Records of the Department of State Relating to the Internal Affairs of Greece, 1940-1944, 1945-1949

戻るu